Pre-Occupational Curriculum (30 hours)
Introduces the anatomy and physiology of the human body. Emphasis is placed on the development of a systemic perspective of anatomical structures and physiological processes. Topics include body organization, cell structure and functions, tissue classifications, integumentary system, skeletal system, muscular system, and nervous and sensory systems.
Selected laboratory exercises paralleling the topics in BIOL 2113. the laboratory exercises for this course include body organization, cell structure and functions, tissue classificatins, integumentary system, skeletal system, muscular system, and nervous snesory systems.
Continues the study of the anatomy and physiology of the human body. Topics include the endocrine system, cardiovascular system, blood and lymphatic system, immune system, respiratory system, digestive system, urinary system,and reproductive system.
Selected laboratory exercises paralleling the topics in BIOL 2114. The laboratory exercises for this course include the endocrine system, cardiovascular system, blood and lymphatic system, immunie system, respiratory system, digestive system, urinary system, and reporductive system.
Explores the analysis of literature and articles about issues in the humanities and in society. Students practice various modes of writing, ranging from exposition to argumentation and persuasion. The course includes a review of standard grammatical and stylistic usage in proofreading and editing. An introduction to library resources lays the foundation for research. Topics include writing analysis and practice, revision, and research. Students write a research paper using library resources and using a formatting and documentation style appropriate to the purpose and audience.
Emphasizes techniques of problem solving using algebraic concepts. Topics include fundamental concepts of algebra, equations and inequalities, functions and graphs, and systems of equations; optional topics include sequences, series, and probability or analytic geometry.
Emphasizes the concepts and methods fundamental to utilizing and interpreting commonly used statistics. Topics include descriptive statistics, basic probability, discrete and continuous distributions, sampling distributions, hypothesis testing chi square tests, and linear regression.
Introduces some of the basic laws of physics. Topics include systems of units and conversion of units, vector algebra, Newtonian mechanics, fluids and thermodynamics, heat, light, and optics, mechanical waves, electricity and magnetism, and modern physics.
Selected laboratory exercises paralleling the topics in PHYS 1110. The laboratory exercises for this course include systems of units and systems of measurement, vector algebra, Newtonian mechanics, fluids and thermodynamics, heat, light, and optics, mechanical waves, electiricty and magnetism, and modern physics.
Introduces the major fields of contemporary psychology. Emphasis is on fundamental principles of psychology as a science. Topics include research design, the organization and operation of the nervous system, sensation and perception, learning and memory, motivation and emotion, thinking and intelligence, lifespan development, personality, psychopathology and interventions, stress and health, and social psychology.
Introduces the student to the fundamentals of oral communication. Topics include selection and organization of materials, preparation and delivery of individual and group presentations, analysis of ideas presented by others, and professionalism.
Humanities/Fine Arts Elective
Occupational Curriculum (61 - 63 hours)
Introduces the elements of medical terminology. Emphasis is placed on building familiarity with medical words through knowledge of roots, prefixes, and suffixes. Topics include: origins (roots, prefixes, and suffixes), word building, abbreviations and symbols, and terminology related to the human anatomy.
Introduces the concepts essential in the performance and interpretation of 12 lead EKG and heart sounds. As a study of the anatomy, physiology, structural relationships, and the pathophysiology of the human heart and vascular system, the course concentrates on specialized terminology, cardiac and vascular anatomy, and electrophysiology. Topics include: heart anatomy, circulatory system, heart electrical system, physical heart defects, electrocardiograph, preparation for various electrocardiographic examinations, physical principles and pathophysiology of heart sounds, exercise physiology, stress testing, Holter monitoring, cardiac pacemakers, and cardiac rehabilitation programs. Laboratory experiences will be provided.
The student is introduced to various forms of invasive monitoring. Various forms of invasive access are studied, including right and left heart catherization, arterial line setups, and appropriate care. Emphasis is placed on the basics of hemodynamic monitoring and interpretation. Also provides an overview of cardiovascular physiology and pathophysiology. Topics include: hemodynamics, aseptic technique, infection control, biochemistry of the cardiac muscle, conduction system, electrocardiogram, pathophysiology of acquired diseases, embryological development, and pathophysiology of congenital diseases.
Introduces the fundamental concepts, terminology, and operations necessary to use computers. Emphasis is placed on basic functions and familiarity with computer use. Topics include an introduction to computer terminology, the Windows environment, Internet and email, word processing software, spreadsheet software, database software, and presentation software.
Sonographers apply principles of ultrasound in the operation of medical sonographic equipment to produce a sonogram. Knowledge of the interaction of ultrasound with tissue is important for image optimization, acquisition and interpretation of sonographic images, and critical to the accurate diagnosis of disease. Introduces concepts for the factors involved with diagnostic ultrasound principles and instruments. Emphasis will be placed on ultrasound physics, transducer construction, operation and characteristics, artifacts and adjustable physics parameters. Topics include: basic principles and wave analysis; propagation of acoustic waves through tissues; principles of pulse echo imaging; sonographic transducers and sound beams; hemodynamic and Doppler imaging; sonographic instrumentation; artifacts; quality assurance/quality control of sonographic instruments; bioeffects and safety. Student laboratory scanning hours are included in this course.
Provides a review of knowledge from previous courses and helps the student prepare for national certification examinations for sonography. Information concerning test taking skills will also be reviewed. Topics include: patient care, safety and communication; physics principles, ultrasound transducers, pulse-echo instrumentation, Doppler instrumentation; and quality assurance/quality control of equipment.
This course introduces the basic principles and applications of the physical assessment and echocardiographic procedures. Discussion of medical law and ethics as it relates to the professional scope of practice. Topics include: basic echocardiographic imaging principles, patient skills and equipment instrumentation, basic Doppler and color principles, medical law and ethics and common terminology and abbreviations.
This course utilizes cardiac sonography fundamentals to evaluate cardiac anatomy, function and hemodynamics in diagnosing coronary artery heart disease. Incorporates all forms of noninvasive cardiovascular evaluation with emphasis on performance and interpretation of M-mode, 2-dimensional, and Doppler echocardiography. Emphasis will be placed on obtaining quality echocardiograms, and laboratory experience will demonstrate the application of theoretical principles and concepts. Topics include: ventricular function, coronary artery disease, Stress Echocardiography, Transesophageal Echocardiography (TEE), 3-D/4-D Echocardiography, Contrast Echocardiography and advanced techniques/procedures.
This course utilizes fundamentals to evaluate cardiac function and acquired disease states. Incorporates all forms of noninvasive cardiovascular evaluation with emphasis on performance and interpretation of M-mode, 2-dimensional, and Doppler echocardiography. Emphasis will be placed on obtaining quality echocardiograms, and laboratory experience will demonstrate the application of theoretical principles and concepts. Topics include: valvular heart disease, cardiomyopathies, systemic and pulmonary hypertensive heart disease, pericardial diseases, systemic disease, cardiac transplantation, cardiac tumors/masses, diseases of the aorta, pericardial diseases, and miscellaneous topics.
Introduces echocardiography student to the clinical environment where clinical requirements are discussed and defined. The role and job description of the noninvasive cardiovascular technologist are evaluated. Students will participate in procedures in noninvasive cardiology labs and imaging centers under direct supervision of clinical instructor. Topics include: clinical environment; recording medical information/professionalism, clinical skills, medical ethics, professionalism, and hospital/medical office policies and procedures.
Provides hands-on experience in performing noninvasive cardiovascular procedures with emphasis on instrumentation and development of clinical techniques. Topics include: policies and procedures, echocardiographic instrumentation, recording patient information, patient preparation, and performing echocardiographic examinations.
The purpose of the Case Study is to provide the opportunity for review and reinforcement of theoretical concepts with an evaluation of Echocardiography. The purpose of the Journal Review is to allow the student to study the current formats and methods of professional articles/presentations of echocardiography. Students will be asked to prepare and present interesting case studies to include clinical history, normal anatomy, clinical laboratory test modalities, protocols, techniques and findings. Topics include: identification of resources, literature review, formatting according to audience, citation of sources, written presentation skills, and oral presentation skills. Emphasis is placed on professional growth and preparation to enter the field of echocardiography as a contributing member.
This course offers an introduction to congenital heart disease with instruction on fetal cardiac embryology, pediatric pathology, age appropriate patient care, corrective surgical procedures. Emphasis is placed on the latest modalities and specialties of a pediatric noninvasive cardiac diagnostic study. Topics include: fetal cardiac embryology; acyanotic lesions; cyanotic lesions; complex congenital heart disease; corrective surgical procedures; Doppler, color flow, and 2D imaging; research methods; syndromes; sedation; and transducer selection..
Provides hands-on experience in the clinical setting with an emphasis placed on the development of clinical techniques employed to obtain meaningful data. Continued participation by the student will progressively lead to the student performing diagnostic procedures with less assistance but under the supervision of an appropriately credentialed sonographer. Topics include: echocardiographic instrumentation, logging and reporting information, preparation for echocardiographic examinations, medical ethics, and performing echocardiographic procedures. Students may do a brief rotation through an invasive cardiology lab, pediatric lab and/or vascular lab.
This course builds on the knowledge and skills learned in Clinical Echo 3. By the end of this rotation, the student will perform all echocardiography procedures independently with the supervision of an appropriately credentialed sonographer. This course provides a culminating clinical setting experience which allows students to synthesize information and procedural instruction provided throughout the program. Emphasis is placed on skill level improvements and final completion of all required clinical competencies presented in previous courses and practiced in previous clinical vascular courses. Topics include: scanning, documentation of pathologies, patient and equipment skills, current literature, professionalism, and ethical behavior.
This course will be an overall review of Echocardiography to include demonstration of normal and abnormal cardiac anatomy, cardiac physiology, pathophysiology and hemodynamics/physics in the different types of cardiac disease/dysfunctions. Also included will be a review of clinical non-invasive cardiac diagnostic procedures, laboratory values, pharmacology and test validation and measurements. Emphasis is placed on reviewing information so that the student will successfully pass the ARMDS and/or CCI certification examinations.Topics include: normal and abnormal cardiac anatomy, techniques, pathology, physics/hemodynamics, test validation and measurements, and laboratory values.
and one of the following (1 - 3 hours)
This course is designed as an introduction into the field of vascular sonography. The general practitioner will be required to perform venous examinations of the lower extremity, arterial studies of the neck, and some Doppler studies within the abdomen. Emphasis is on the functional workings and settings associated with Doppler signals and waveforms. Topics include: machine/image settings for Doppler imaging; venous imaging of the lower extremities; arterial imaging of the neck; and vascular imaging of the abdomen, including aorta and its primary branches, vena cava, portal and hepatic veins, and renal arteries and veins.
Provides an overview of cardiovascular invasive diagnosis and therapy.