Pre-Occupational Curriculum (30 hours)
Introduces the anatomy and physiology of the human body. Emphasis is placed on the development of a systemic perspective of anatomical structures and physiological processes. Topics include body organization, cell structure and functions, tissue classifications, integumentary system, skeletal system, muscular system, and nervous and sensory systems.
Selected laboratory exercises paralleling the topics in BIOL 2113. the laboratory exercises for this course include body organization, cell structure and functions, tissue classificatins, integumentary system, skeletal system, muscular system, and nervous snesory systems.
Continues the study of the anatomy and physiology of the human body. Topics include the endocrine system, cardiovascular system, blood and lymphatic system, immune system, respiratory system, digestive system, urinary system,and reproductive system.
Selected laboratory exercises paralleling the topics in BIOL 2114. The laboratory exercises for this course include the endocrine system, cardiovascular system, blood and lymphatic system, immunie system, respiratory system, digestive system, urinary system, and reporductive system.
Explores the analysis of literature and articles about issues in the humanities and in society. Students practice various modes of writing, ranging from exposition to argumentation and persuasion. The course includes a review of standard grammatical and stylistic usage in proofreading and editing. An introduction to library resources lays the foundation for research. Topics include writing analysis and practice, revision, and research. Students write a research paper using library resources and using a formatting and documentation style appropriate to the purpose and audience.
Emphasizes techniques of problem solving using algebraic concepts. Topics include fundamental concepts of algebra, equations and inequalities, functions and graphs, and systems of equations; optional topics include sequences, series, and probability or analytic geometry.
Emphasizes the concepts and methods fundamental to utilizing and interpreting commonly used statistics. Topics include descriptive statistics, basic probability, discrete and continuous distributions, sampling distributions, hypothesis testing chi square tests, and linear regression.
Introduces some of the basic laws of physics. Topics include systems of units and conversion of units, vector algebra, Newtonian mechanics, fluids and thermodynamics, heat, light, and optics, mechanical waves, electricity and magnetism, and modern physics.
Selected laboratory exercises paralleling the topics in PHYS 1110. The laboratory exercises for this course include systems of units and systems of measurement, vector algebra, Newtonian mechanics, fluids and thermodynamics, heat, light, and optics, mechanical waves, electiricty and magnetism, and modern physics.
Introduces the major fields of contemporary psychology. Emphasis is on fundamental principles of psychology as a science. Topics include research design, the organization and operation of the nervous system, sensation and perception, learning and memory, motivation and emotion, thinking and intelligence, lifespan development, personality, psychopathology and interventions, stress and health, and social psychology.
Introduces the student to the fundamentals of oral communication. Topics include selection and organization of materials, preparation and delivery of individual and group presentations, analysis of ideas presented by others, and professionalism.
Humanities/Fine Arts Elective
Occupational Curriculum (68 hours)
Introduces the fundamental concepts, terminology, and operations necessary to use computers. Emphasis is placed on basic functions and familiarity with computer use. Topics include an introduction to computer terminology, the Windows environment, Internet and email, word processing software, spreadsheet software, database software, and presentation software.
Introduces the elements of medical terminology. Emphasis is placed on building familiarity with medical words through knowledge of roots, prefixes, and suffixes. Topics include: origins (roots, prefixes, and suffixes), word building, abbreviations and symbols, and terminology related to the human anatomy.
Using classroom didactic instruction and laboratory experiences, this foundations course prepares students for the role of a sonographer. The course provides a base of knowledge and experiences from which complementary and subsequent courses build on. Topics include diagnostic medical sonography history; medical ethics and law; patient privacy and confidentiality; body mechanics, lifts and transfers; patient assessment and administration of care;transducer care; response to medical emergencies; professionalism; medical and sonographic terminology; cultural competence; ergonomics: work related musculoskeletal disorders; basic sonographic physical principles and system operation; Maslows Hierarchy of Needs, and sonographic scanning techniques.
This course combines the didactic education of sectional anatomy with active student participation in classroom laboratory experience. Information is weighted toward normal structures which are sonographically visible. Structures are described according to relative location and proportionality. Topics include: normal sectional anatomy of the neck, liver, biliary system, pancreas, genitourinary tract, spleen, peritoneal cavity, retroperitoneum, gastrointestinal tract, and vascular system structures within the upper and lower extremity; anatomic planes related to sonographic images; sonographic appearance and sonographic patterns of structures in the female and male pelvis, neck, liver, biliary system, pancreas, peritoneum and retroperitoneum, gastrointestinal tract, non cardiac chest, and upper and low extremities; and related imaging, laboratory testing procedures and functional testing procedures.
This course introduces the basic principles and application of the physical assessment as well as the protocols utilized for songraphic procedures. Provides students with an introduction to the clinical setting. Students may be given the opportunity to acquire sonographic images with direct supervision. Topics include: communication including common terminology and abbreviations; patient care; equipment manipulation;ergonomics;sonographic imaging; correlation of ultrasound examinations with other imaging modalities and laboratory findings ;and medical law and ethics
Sonographers apply principles of ultrasound in the operation of medical sonographic equipment to produce a sonogram. Knowledge of the interaction of ultrasound with tissue is important for image optimization, acquisition and interpretation of sonographic images, and critical to the accurate diagnosis of disease. Introduces concepts for the factors involved with diagnostic ultrasound principles and instruments. Emphasis will be placed on ultrasound physics, transducer construction, operation and characteristics, artifacts and adjustable physics parameters. Topics include: basic principles and wave analysis; propagation of acoustic waves through tissues; principles of pulse echo imaging; sonographic transducers and sound beams; hemodynamic and Doppler imaging; sonographic instrumentation; artifacts; quality assurance/quality control of sonographic instruments; bioeffects and safety. Student laboratory scanning hours are included in this course.
This course combines the didactic education of normal and abnormal abdominal with active student participation in classroom laboratory experience. Introduces advanced abdominal anatomy, sonographic appearance and procedures, pathology and pathophysiology for diagnostic medical sonography. Topics include: embryology; anatomy; protocols for all organs and organ systems of the abdomen and non-cardiac chest; variants of normal and congenital anomalies; function of organ and organ systems; patient history and indications for examination; scanning techniques; normal sonographic appearance; pathology and pathophysiology; related imaging and functional testing results; normal and abnormal Doppler and color flow characteristics.
Provides students with a more detailed introduction into the hospital, clinic or other patient care setting work experience. This course covers the control of the physical parameters of the sonography unit and application of sonographic physics as it relates to image quality. Sonographic examinations are conducted under direct and indirect supervision. Topics include: oral and written communication; provide basic patient care; equipment manipulation for optimum image resolution; ergonomically correct scanning techniques; perform basic sonographic examinations of normal and abnormal abdominal anatomy and superficial structures; related imaging procedures and relevant laboratory findings; students must demonstrate progression of knowledge and scanning skills during this clinical rotation.
This course introduces gynecology physiology, pathology, and pathophysiology along with normal and abnormal embryonic and fetal development during the first trimester using diagnostic medical sonography. Topics include: the role of the sonographer in obstetric imaging; antepartum obstetric sonography evaluation; Doppler imaging for the obstetric patient; significant laboratory values in early pregnancy; anatomy, physiology, pathology and pathophysiology of the female pelvis; gynecologic patient care and imaging techniques; clinical assessment of obstetrical patient; normal first trimester; uterine and extrauterine assessment during the first trimester; first trimester complications; prudent use; and performance standards and documentation.
Provides a review of knowledge from previous courses and helps the student prepare for national certification examinations for sonography. Information concerning test taking skills will also be reviewed. Topics include: patient care, safety and communication; physics principles, ultrasound transducers, pulse-echo instrumentation, Doppler instrumentation; and quality assurance/quality control of equipment.
This course is designed as an introduction into the field of vascular sonography. The general practitioner will be required to perform venous examinations of the lower extremity, arterial studies of the neck, and some Doppler studies within the abdomen. Emphasis is on the functional workings and settings associated with Doppler signals and waveforms. Topics include: machine/image settings for Doppler imaging; venous imaging of the lower extremities; arterial imaging of the neck; and vascular imaging of the abdomen, including aorta and its primary branches, vena cava, portal and hepatic veins, and renal arteries and veins.
This course provides students with continued work experience in a hospital, clinic or other patient care setting. Students conduct sonographic examinations under direct and indirect supervision while continuing to improve their communication, professionalism and critical thinking skills. Topics include: patient care issues; advanced scanning techniques; normal anatomy and pathologic conditions of the abdomen; normal and abnormal sonographic imaging of the male pelvis; normal and abnormal anatomy and pathology of the female pelvis; normal and abnormal uterine and fetal development through the first trimester; and introduction to vascular sonography.
Using classroom instruction and laboratory experiences this course introduces the knowledge of fetal anatomy, pathology, pathophysiology and procedures for diagnostic medical sonography. Instruction emphasizes normal fetal growth, fetal anomalies and maternal complications throughout all the second and third trimesters. Topics include: fetal assessment in the normal second and third trimesters; extra-fetal assessment of the second and third trimesters; assess abnormal fetal growth; high risk obstetrics; fetal structural abnormalities; genetic abnormalities and syndromes; interventional procedures; post partum complications; prudent use; and performance standards and documentation.
This course provides students with three independent areas of concentration. They are High Resolution Sonography, Interventional Sonography and Pediatric Sonography. I. High Resolution Sonography introduces superficial structure anatomy, pathology and procedures for diagnostic medical sonography. II. Interventional Sonography this course provides instruction in sonographic procedures which are considered invasive and/or require sterile procedures. III. Pediatric Sonography provides the sonography student with specialized imaging procedures for the pediatric patient. Topics include: Intervention Sonographyuse of sonography in interventional procedures, transducer care, infection control, response to medical emergencies, contrast media, and organ transplant; High Resolution Sonographycontrast media, and organ transplant; High Resolution Imaginganatomy and normal variants, function and physiology, indications for examination, sonographic imaging, pathology and pathophysiology, correlative and prior imaging, pertinent lab values; Pediatric Sonographyembryology, anatomy and normal variants, function and physiology, indications for examination, sonographic imaging, and pathology and pathophysiology.
This course provides students with continued work experience in a hospital, clinic or other patient care setting. Students improve skills in performing songraphic procedures previously introduced. Topics include: normal uterine and fetal development through the three trimesters including placental grading; equipment manipulation for optimum resolution; manipulation of equipment to minimize biological effects; normal anatomy and pathologic conditions of the abdomen and female pelvis; fetal biometry including gestational sac size, crown-rump length, bi-parietal diameter and head circumference; ectopic pregnancies; normal anatomy of the venous and arterial systems of the body; abnormal conditions of the human vasculature system; patient care issues; and demonstration of significant progression of knowledge and scanning skills.
Provides a review of knowledge from previous courses and helps the student prepare for ARDMS national certification examinations for sonography. Information concerning test taking skills is also reviewed. Topics include: patient care, preparation and technique; instrumentation, normal pelvic anatomy; abnormal pelvic anatomy; extra-pelvic pathology associated with gynecology; pediatric sonography; post menopause; infertility and endocrinology; first trimester; placenta, amniotic fluid, umbilical cord; second and third trimester; congenital fetal anomalies; complications during pregnancy; fetal demise; coexisting disorders; HIPPA and patient care techniques utilizing a professional sonographer; anatomy and physiology of abdominal structures, small parts, and superficial structures; patient preparation and protocols for sonographic examination of abdominal structure; clinical indications, pertinent related diagnostic imaging procedures and laboratory tests; sonographic technique and appearance of normal anatomic abdominal structures, small parts; characteristic sonographic features and/or patterns of pathology in the abdomen, small parts; and instrumentation.
Provides a culminating work experience in the hospital, clinic or other patient care setting for students to improve skills in performing procedures introduced during prior clinical and didactic courses to the level of an entry-level sonographer. Topics include: refinement of equipment manipulation techniques, performance of sonographic examinations as an entry-level sonographer, role of the sonographer in performing interventional/invasive procedures, and completion of necessary competency requirements for graduation.